Assessing the spillover effects in the EU of the adverse effects of climate change in the rest of the world, in particular in EU's Neighbourhood countries
Client: DG Climate Action
This project is part of a series of efforts undertaken by the EU to implement its Adaptation Strategy. The strategy calls for the EU to consider not only the impacts of climate change on its own territory, but also impacts coming from climate outside of the EU that may affect the environmental, social and economic livelihood of the area.
The work therefore required an assessment of climate change impacts outside of the EU and how they might impact the EU, as well as an examination of the relevant policy instruments available to the EU to address these impacts. Special attention was attached to European Neighbourhood policies as well as development cooperation policies.
The project consisted of three main tasks:
1. identify the most relevant challenges of climate change on a global scale, and in Neighbourhood countries, and pinpoint direct implications for the EU;
2. quantify the impacts of, and assess the vulnerability of the most relevant challenges identified in Task 1;
3. identify potential policy responses in the EU as well as in individual Member States to increase resilience to risks and to better capitalise on opportunities.
In this context, Milieu was responsible for Task 3. More precisely, Milieu in-house experts strived to provide a comprehensive assessment of the policy areas, at both the EU and Member State level, where mainstreaming of the adaptation agenda appears as a priority. They were also involved in the provision of specific recommendations as to the most relevant instruments to be applied.
The policy recommendations covered the following sectors: energy, raw materials, food security, development cooperation, water management, tourism and migration. For each sector, the Milieu team reviewed possible impacts stemming from global climate change in both qualitative and quantitative terms, and identified the main EU and Member State policies available to address these impacts. Policy recommendations aimed at the EU and priority Member States were developed for each sector addressing short and long-term impacts.
The evidence and recommendations contained in the study enabled DG Climate Action to prepare its input to the wide range of policies that are likely to be affected by impacts stemming from global climate change, as envisioned in the EU Adaptation Strategy.