Milieu’s ‘Study to support the preparation of a report on the application of Regulation (EU) N°1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters’ has now been published and the results were presented at the last EJN meeting in Brussels on 20 April 2023. The study aimed to support DG JUST of the European Commission in the preparation of their report on the application of the Regulation, and presents a thorough analysis of the application of the Regulation in the Member States based on desk research, consultations with relevant stakeholders, and examination of relevant CJEU and national case-law. The study sheds light on aspects of the Regulation which are well implemented, specific difficulties encountered in practice and assesses the suitability of the current rules to recent developments (e.g. digital economy, business and human rights, collective actions). The report can be found under