Study towards a comprehensive noise strategy
Client: European Parliament
Directive 2002/49/EC relating to assessment and management of environmental noise (the Environmental Noise Directive, hereinafter END) regulates exposure to noise.
Under the END, Member States have to develop strategic noise maps and action plans with measures to address noise and its effects for major roads, railways, airports and large agglomerations. The current EU legislation on sources of noise does not reflect the latest evidence on the health effects of noise. Hence, there is a need to introduce more stringent control policies. A number of legal texts are currently being revised.
Milieu carried out an assessment of the current EU legislative framework regulating noise, including the different sources of noise (road, rail, air, household appliances, outdoor equipment and recreational craft).
The study was carried out to support the European Parliament’ s Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI) and for the European Parliament to better understand the impact of environmental noise on health and to support its legislative work in this area.
The study focused on the main challenges and gaps in implementation, and provided recommendations for future EU action. It also provided technical guidance to improve the overall coherence of environmental noise legislation in the EU.
It reviewed the latest evidence on the health effects of environmental noise. It also provided an overview of the current EU regulatory framework on noise (Environmental Noise Directive and legislation on noise sources), assessing its effectiveness and identifying ways for future improvement.
Recommendations were put forward for the development of a more comprehensive noise strategy. The Milieu team presented the key findings of the study at the European Parliament at the end of the project.