Ozone depleting substances
Review of the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 2037/2000 on substances that deplete the ozone layer
Client: European Commission / DG Environment
The ozone layer in the upper atmosphere protects humans and other organisms from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. The EU strongly supports the Montreal Protocol and related international agreements that protect the ozone layer – this has been one of the most successful areas of global environmental cooperation. Moreover, the EU goes beyond these international agreements and sets more stringent requirements for ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in its own legislation.
In 2006 to 2007, Milieu assisted DG Environment on the revision of the EU’s ODS Regulation. We carried out desk research, a stakeholder survey and targeted interviews to assess the implementation and effectiveness of the existing Regulation on ozone substances (2037/2000).
In this assessment, we evaluated interactions between the ODS framework and other EU legislation, including, in particular, legislation on waste, customs and fluorinated gases, and we also analyzed the scope for the clarification and simplification of the Regulation. We assisted the European Commission in identifying options for the revision of the Regulation, and we assessed the potential economic, administrative and environmental impacts of these options.
Our assessment made quantitative estimates of the administrative costs and burden of the changes and the potential reduction of ODS releases. Our analysis also included estimates of reduced ODS emissions from options to recover and destroy ODS stocks in the EU, for example in discarded refrigerators.
The European Commission drew on our study in preparing its proposal for the new regulation and its formal impact assessment of the options. The new legislation, following tripartite discussion and amendment, was approved by the Council and Parliament in 2009: Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on substances that deplete the ozone layer.
Summary report http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ozone/pdf/summary_report.pdf