Funding Needs in the Waste Sector
Client: European Commission / DG Environment
The EU budget, mainly through the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund, provides considerable funding for infrastructure projects aimed at delivery of the main objectives set out in the Landfill Directive (99/31/EC) and the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC); this funding is expected to continue in the future funding period (2014-2020), with most of the efforts concentrated in the new member states of the EU.
Under this contract, Milieu Ltd and its partners investigated current (2007-2013) EU funding for waste infrastructure projects across the Member States; based on this it assessed needs to ensure compliance with the relevant Directives’ targets by 2020, and estimated costs across the EU for these expected infrastructure needs.
Finally, the study set out options for better delivering environmental needs in this area in the next financial perspectives. This includes a focus on the assessment of needs for additional waste infrastructure funding in the Member States, and recommendations on the detailed criteria for the financing of environmental infrastructure projects through Cohesion Policy.
The final study included the following:
1. an assessment of current and past EU funding for the waste sector, including total EU funds and co-financing provided per Member State;
2. an assessment of the outputs and results of past funding and plans for the current funding period
3. a review, based on current literature and case study research, of the successes and weaknesses of past and current EU funding for waste, and prospects for the future;
4. estimates of the infrastructural needs through 2020 for compliance with EU waste legislation.
5. cost estimates for the infrastructure needs, resulting in a “gap” in the financing required for Member States to achieve compliance by 2020;
6. a recommendation for the amount of the financing gap to come from the EU budget, based on current funding rules and trends, and projected capacities of Member States and the private sector to meet investment needs;
7. recommendations for options to deliver the EU funding post-2013, in terms of funding conditions and other policy options.