Environmental Collaboration for the Black Sea
Environmental degradation of the Black Sea and its main contributing rivers is one of the major concerns of the Black Sea basin countries and the international community. In the last decade, collaborative efforts to protect the Black Sea have brought some positive results but still more needs to be accomplished, in particular through ensuring improvement and proper enforcement of environmental legislation, sustainable development of the coastal zone and sustainable use of natural resources throughout the region.
The Environmental Collaboration for the Black Sea project was designed to provide support in addressing the main transboundary issues - eutrophication, changes in marine living resources, chemical pollution, biodiversity/habitat changes - at regional level. It aimed to improve implementation of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution through support for implementation and enforcement of environmental legislation at national level. The beneficiary countries included two coastal states (Georgia, Ukraine) and one Black Sea basin state (Moldova).
Milieu’s experts prepared possible amendments to the Bucharest Convention, in close cooperation with the Permanent Secretariat for the Black Sea Commission. E.g. to improve transparency and accountability within the framework of the Convention. At the national level, the Project focused on improving national capacities to develop and enforce environmental legislation to implement the Bucharest Convention, in line with EU water related legislation, in particular the Water Framework Directive and the EU Marine Strategy.
In both Georgia and Moldova, Milieu experts helped to prepare road maps and strategies outlining necessary steps, measures and possible priorities for convergence with the EU water acquis. Milieu’s experts also helped develop different legal documents: in Ukraine, a Draft Law on Coastal Zones, together with Guidelines on territorial planning in coastal zones; in Moldova, legislation for approximation to the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive and the Nitrates Directive; in Georgia, a Concept Paper for a new framework Water Law of Georgia, which would constitute the main framework for convergence with EU requirements.