Residential Prosumers in the European Energy Union (2016-2017)
Client: DG Justice
This project aims to provide an overview of the situation of residential prosumers, considered as regular households that consume and produce their own energy from renewable sources, in the EU. Under Task 1 of this project, Milieu undertakes to perform the legal analysis regarding residential prosumers in all EU Member States, Norway and Iceland. This includes the development of:
- 30 national reports mapping the regulatory framework in each country, describing and assessing the legal and regulatory context regarding the conditions for residential prosumer generating the energy based on RES. The analysis should cover all measures acting as incentives or obstacles for the take up of prosumers, framework for access to the grid and grid interconnectivity, types of residential prosumers, prevailing methods and systems for metering and billing applied to all types of residential prosumers. Each report shall be developed according to a harmonised template which will ensure comparability. Further it will summarise the key findings in the form of a country fiche ranking the measures and conditions for prosumers in each country.
- A comparative analysis of the national frameworks and identification of best practices. Based on the national reports and the country fiche with the pre-ranking of existing conditions, a comparative analysis of the 30 Member States will be carried out in order to provide a response to the questions set by the Tender Specifications and an overview of the most favourable elements of national regulatory frameworks.
The study will be instrumental in providing additional information to the European Commission about the drivers of self-consumption, the obstacles and incentives, the costs and benefits, the conditions for permitting, interconnecting, feeding power back into the grid, metering, billing (taking into account any feed-in-tariffs and subsidies) and applying taxes and network charges.