European identity document
The legal and political context for setting up a European identity document
Client: European Parliament, 2015-2016
The objective of this study was to analyse if, and to what extent, the setting up of a European identity document would facilitate the implementation of EU citizenship rights that are legally possible and politically desirable in the current EU legal framework and political context. The aim was to contribute to the framing of a debate on the potential and challenges of eDemocracy in the EU within the European Parliament's Constitutional Affairs' Committee.
The Study was carried out in two main steps:
- Analysis of the legal and political feasibility of and challenges for setting up an operable European ID given the current legislative and political context. This analysis was grouped around the following topics> (1) Overview of national IDs, (2) In-depth analysis of the legal basis and requirements for setting up a common European ID, (3) Overview of past discussions and initiatives at EU level, (4) Assessment of whether, and if so to what extent, the development of a European ID should rely on electronic identification technologies, (5) Assessment of specific legal challenges that the creation of a European electronic ID (European eID) would raise).
- Development of recommendations that consider the legal and technical components required for the setting up of a specific legal framework enabling the creation and operability of a European ID.