Co2 infrastructure networks
Identification of future CO2 infrastructure networks (2014-2015)
Client: DG Energy
The importance of CCS in dealing with climate change has been stressed in a number of legal and policy documents as well as by experts in the field. The European Commission’s Communication on Future of CCS in Europe pointed out in 2013 that ‘CCS is vital for meeting the [European] Union’s greenhouse gas reduction targets and it offers potential for a low-carbon re-industrialisation of Europe's declining industries’. CO2 cross-border transport networks are a prerequisite for the development of CCS in the EU as underlined in the Trans-European Networks – Energy Guidelines Regulation (TEN-E Guidelines) which lays down procedures and criteria for the identification, selection and timely development of so-called Projects of Common Interest (PCIs). The first ‘Union list’ of PCIs was adopted in October 2013 but did not include any CO2 transport projects, as the legal, organisational, economic and other feasibility conditions for establishing and selecting PCIs in this area remain unclear at present. Cross-border plans for the development of CO2 transport and storage formally adopted by the relevant Member States are also lacking. Furthermore, there is no officially established process or clearly identified set of authorities and stakeholders (the so-called regional groups) in place to enable formal proposal and acceptance of PCIs in the CO2 transport sector in accordance with the provisions of the TEN-E Guidelines.
This project investigated these feasibility conditions for cross-border CO2 transport networks and potential PCIs through an in-depth analysis of legal, regulatory and policy contexts at EU and Member State level, as well as a review of feasibility conditions for cross-border CO2 transport projects and their potential for selection as PCIs under the TEN-E Guidelines procedures.
Three specific tasks were carried out:
- Analysis of legal and regulatory requirements at Member State level for CO2 transport infrastructure
- Develop a specifically tailored process as well as criteria for the selection of cross-border CO2 infrastructure PCIs under the TEN-E Guidelines
- Actions and recommendations to facilitate the development of CO2 PCIs under the Ten-E Guidelines