Birds and Habitats
Evaluation study to support the fitness check of the Birds and Habitats Directives (2014-2016)
Client: DG Environment
The objective of the evaluation study was to support the fitness check of the EU legislation for nature protection: the Birds and the Habitats Directives. The evaluation study aimed to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, coherence, relevance and added value of these Directives. It provided evidence-based critical analysis regarding how well EU nature legislation has performed over the years from the Directives’ entering into force to present and whether they are still fit-for-purpose. The sources for data and evidence included an extensive desk research and literature review leading to a Reference list of more than 1800 documents made available to the public in the Commission website; and a broad stakeholder consultation strategy based on a standard questionnaire submitted to nature authorities, other relevant public authorities, economic sectors and NGOs complemented with interviews in the 28 Member States, focus groups with EU level stakeholders, visits and in depth analysis of the implementation in 10 selected Member States and an on-line public consultation.
The ultimate objective of the Fitness Check is to promote better legislation which is more responsive to existing and future challenges, and to help to improve its implementation. The Study to support the Fitness Check assessed whether there were excessive administrative burdens, overlaps, gaps, inconsistencies and/or obsolete measures taking into account the cumulative impact of EU legislation.