Evaluation of EU Policies and their direct and indirect impact on land take and land degradation
The EU’s 7th Environment Action Programme (2013) called for addressing land degradation, including land use. This study supported EU policy development in this area, providing input for the preparation of a European Commission communication on land as a resource.
Its overarching objective was to develop a methodological approach for carrying out policy evaluations related to land use/take and to test the methodology on selected policies. The study made a broad review of EU policies – including the Common Agricultural Policy, energy policy, nature conservation policy and forest policy – and carried out an in-depth assessment for Cohesion Policy and Transport policy.
Specific tasks within the project included:
1. proposing and refining a methodology for evaluation of impacts of EU policies on land use;
2. analysis of two case studies (on Poland and Spain), which provided illustrations and applications of the proposed evaluation methods. The case studies also focused on Cohesion Policy and Transport Policy;
3. organising and facilitating a workshop which was held in DG Environment and included participants from both case study countries, researchers and officials from various DGs of the European Commission (including DG Regio and DG Environment);
4. drafting a final report with findings based on research work and proceedings from the workshop.