Evaluation of OSH Directives
Evaluation of the Practical implementation of EU occupational safety and health (OSH) Directives in EU Member States
Client: DG Employment
Pursuant to Article 17a(4) of Directive 89/391/EEC (Framework Directive on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work), the European Commission is required to ‘evaluate the implementation of the Directives concerned in terms of their relevance, of research and of new scientific knowledge in the various fields in question’.
This contract aimed to support the Commission for this evaluation. It analysed the practical implementation of the 24 EU Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Directives in the EU 27 with a view to assessing their relevance, effectiveness and coherence and identifying possible improvements to the regulatory framework. The evaluation covered the period 2007-2012. This project constituted a major challenge, as, with the evaluation of the entire OSH acquis, it was the first time that the Commission initiated an evaluation covering at once the implementation of all EU acts in one policy area.
Milieu carried out the evaluation together with COWI A/S and IOM. One of the key tasks under this project was to map the practical implementation of the OSH acquis at national level in the EU-27. This task was led by Milieu. This work included producing a general overview of the national legal and institutional frameworks established in the Member States to implement the Directives, and of their concrete application 'on the ground'. On the basis of this mapping, the evaluation according to the criteria of relevance, effectiveness and coherence was carried out and recommendations were issued. Milieu was also heavily involved in this process, and in particular was in charge of assessing the coherence within the OSH acquis and between the OSH acquis and other EU instruments.
The completion of this assessment constituted a crucial step in the development of the regulatory framework on OSH at European level. It provided an unpreceded comprehensive overview of the level of implementation of the OSH Directives across Member States, and an in-depth understanding of the achievements and needs for improvements in the EU regulatory framework to ensure an adequate level of protection of workers' health and safety.
The various deliverables under the Evaluation project can be found on the DG Employment website at http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=148 (see related documents).