Study on the economic impact of climate change and adaptation measures in the Outermost Regions (OR)
Client: DG REGIO
In its 2008 Communication "The Outermost Regions: an Asset for Europe", the European Commission undertook to launch a study on the economic impact of adaptation to climate change in regions which include: the Canary Islands (Spain), Madeira, the Azores (Portugal), Reunion, Martinique, Saint Martin, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Mayotte (France).
The Outermost Regions (OR) are considered to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts due to their location and relatively low adaptive capacity.
Milieu was part of the AMEC-led consortium supporting DG Regional Policy in the process of enhancing the preparedness of the local, regional, national and European actors to respond to current climate change effects in the OR, by supporting efficient and effective public adaptation measures.
Overall, the project consisted of:
1. providing an overview of the most significant threats, impacts and vulnerabilities posed by climate change to the OR;
2. analysis of existing adaptation policies in the OR with a description of the objectives, the measures and related costs;
3. prioritising and recommending the most appropriate adaptation option that could be taken or adjusted to address the climate change threats in the OR in the short term.
Milieu was responsible for the assessment of the existing EU funding mechanisms used in the OR to address climate change adaptation needs. This included the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Fisheries Fund (EFF). Funding used under other EU sectorial programmes (e.g. Research Framework Programmes, LIFE + and BEST Preparatory Action) as well as under other non EU initiatives were also analysed.
Milieu set out the policy recommendations and a menu of options to help deliver climate adaptation measures in implementing all EU policies, with emphasis on larger funding instruments such as Cohesion Policy and the Common Agricultural Policy.
The study contributed to the development of regional and local adaptation strategy and regional planning documents. The study results feed into the European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) which is a clearinghouse mechanism for information and best practice exchange.