Services to assess the reasons for non-compliance of ozone target value set by Directive 2008/50/EC and potential for air quality improvements in relation to ozone pollution
Client: DG ENV
Tropospheric ozone is one of the key components of air pollution, affecting both human health and the environment. This project supported the European Commission in its review of EU policies to address tropospheric ozone, including the ambient air quality standards set in Directive 2008/50/EC.
The project included the following main tasks:
1. assess the current air quality situation across the EU with respect to ground-level ozone and its effects on environment and health;
2. assess Member States experience in applying the Directive with respect to assessing and managing ground-level ozone;
3. evaluate analysis and monitoring techniques and requirements in relation to ground-level ozone;
4. evaluate the effectiveness of the current provisions of the Directive, in particular the relationship between ozone concentrations and precursor emissions and concentrations, success stories of implementation and the reasons for non-compliance;
5. collect information on legislative frameworks for ozone assessment and management outside the EU;
6. prepare recommendations for improving implementation.
Milieu Ltd led Task 5 on legislative frameworks and management approaches outside the EU. This work focused on four countries: China, India, Japan and the US. For each country, information was gathered through desk research as well as structured interviews with experts and officials.
Milieu contributed to Task 2, reviewing selected Member State documents, and Task 6, supporting the development of recommendations.
The study highlighted good approaches on the management of ground-level ozone that could potentially be replicated in the EU.